Located in the southeast coast area of China, Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang province, is one of two sub-central cities in Yangtze River Delta economic circle. Built 5000 year ago, Hangzhou is a historical city with more than 8000 years of civilization. In the past, it once was applauded as "the most splendid and luxurious city in the worl" by Marco Polo, the Italian traveler in the 13th century. At present, it is renowned as the "Oriental Capital of Leisure, City of Quality Life" with its unique leisure atmosphere and culture. It was also awarded as the "Oriental Capital of Leisure" by the World Leisure Organization in 2006, and one of the "Top Ten Global Leisure Model Cities" by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 2011. It is now the most leisure city in China.
Hangzhou is one of the Best Tourism Cities in China. Its charm is best shown in various water landscapes with rivers, lakes, creeks and oceans, which display almost all kinds of beautiful water sceneries in the world. For example, the Qiantang River, Fuchun River, and Xin'an River enjoy marvelous scenery along their banks; the Beijing and Hangzhou Grand Canal, running through the north and south China, sees Chinese long history; the West lake which has been listed as the World Heritage, together with the Xianghu Lake and Thousand-Isle Lake are just like pearls scattering in different parts of the city with their unique beauty; the Xixi Wetland Park, as a rare wetland located in a city, is the first national wetland park in China; the Spectacular Qiantang River Tidal Bore is known for the world's largest tidal bore. The beauty of Hangzhou has attracted a lot of celebrities from home and abroad, such as Su Dongpo, Bai Juyi, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, Richard Milhous Nixon, William Jefferson Clinton, Georges Pompidou, Jawaharlal Nehru, Kim Il Sung, and Norodom Sihanouk.
Welcome to Hangzhou!
West Lake is located in the western area of Hangzhou City. It is surrounded by mountains on three sides, with an area of around 6.5 square kilometers. The circumference is around 15 kilometers. West Lake is not only famous for its picturesque landscape, it is also associated with many scholars and national heroes. In addition, many ancient buildings in surrounding areas are among the most cherished national treasures of China, with significant artistic value.Due to its prominent historical and cultural status among Chinese scenic resorts, West Lake was elected as a National Key Scenic Resort in 1982.Moreover, the picture of "Three Ponds Mirroring the Moon" was printed on the backs of RMB one yuan bill issued in 2004.
The Xixi National Westland Park
The Xixi Wetland Park has an extensive history and is located on the southern tip of the longest and oldest canal in the world, the Hangzhou-Beijing Canal. This place is peaceful, White wooden houses with dark decorations in traditional Chinese style are spread out in harmony with the most beautiful of trees. Reed, trees and bushes are what clean the water in this area, just like the massive mangrove further south.
Nine Creeks Meandering Through a Misty Forest
This attraction is situated west of West Lake. It is locally called as Nine Greeks and Eighteen Gullies. Actually, all the creeks in this area have two originations, one at west is in Shizi Hill, and the other at east is in Yangmei Hill. Flowing to the south, they meander their way through Xu Village and then empty into the Qiantang River. In 1986, this area was developed and was chosen as one of the "New Ten Views of West Lake". This attraction features waters and wooded hills. With serene rustic charms, it remains as natural as ever. It will be a good choice to make a walking tour of this attraction along the path in the valley. Four oft-quoted lines poem go like this: "The hills rang after range, the trails winding and climbing, the creeks murmuring and gurgling, the trees high and lowly."
The Lingyin Monastery
Situated at the food of Lingyin Mountain, aside from the West Lake, Lingyin Temple (Temple of Inspired Seclusion) is one of the ten most famous ancient Buddhist temples in China. First built by an Indian monk Huili in 326AD during the Eastern Jin dynasty (317 - 420 AD), the temple was named Lingyin Temple (Temple of Inspired Seclusion) for its environment is very beautiful and serene and suitable for "gods rest in seclusion". In its prime, this temple, containing over 1300 rooms and 3000 monks, used to be a large monastery with a scale you just imagine. Due to war and calamity, the temple has experienced about 1700 years of repeated circles of prosperity and decline until its last restoration in the Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911).
Hefang Street is a well-designed old pedestrian street, which is the epitome of old Hangzhou. The original street has been ruined and it recently takes on a completely new look after larger-scale of restoration. Shops selling art crafts, souvenirs, silk, teahouses, and restaurants line on both sides of the street. Many famous century-old shops including Hu Qing Yu Tang, Wang Xingji Fans can be found along the street. Hefang Street is otherwise known as the Snack Street for the diverse food it serves. The street clearly concentrates food from all around the country, while at some time highlighting the local flavors.
Qiantang river is the biggest in Zhejiang province, running from the west to Hangzhou bay in the east.the extraordinary surging tide of the qiantang river is a world-renowned natural wonder caused by the gravitational pull of the stars and planets. The soaring tide of the Qiantang river is such a marvelous spectacle that only the amazon river's surging tide rivals it! annually, millions of people from both home and abroad flock there to watch the magnificent tide on the eighteenth day of the eighth lunar month (also around the mid-autumn day). when the surging tide comes, the water can rise up to a height of 30 feet and the noise it generates sounds like thunder, or thousands of horses running. various activities will also be held to celebrate the annual tide - watching festival, according to local custom. in terms of its history, the custom of watching the bore tide has happened for more than 2000 years. it first appeared during the first century. then, it became popular in the tang dynasty (about 7th -13th century). Yangong town in Haijing 45 km (about 28 miles) from Hangzhou is the best place to watch the Qiantang tide.
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal
The Grand Canal is the greatest in China ancient times and it is also the world's longest man-made waterway, being 1,800 kilometers long. The canal connects the present cities of Beijing in the north and Hangzhou in the south, which served as dynastic capitals in the past, and contains 24 locks and 60 bridges. Since most of China's major rivers flow from west to east, the fact that the Grand Canal runs north and south provides it as an important connector between the Yangtze River valley and the Yellow River valley, and other minor river systems. The irrgation works that the capital Hangzhou Grand Canal is the greatest in China ancient times, the canal that also is the longest on the world.
Qiandao Lake is a man-made lake located in Chun'an County, Zhejiang, China, formed since the completion of theXin'an River hydroelectric station. There are 1,078 large islands in the lake and a few thousand smaller ones. It covers an area of 573 km2 and has a storage capacity of 17.8 km3. The total area of the islands in the lake is about 86 km².The lake is an important tourist attraction of Zhejiang. Qiandao Lake is known for its clear, and sometimes drinkable water, such as that used to produce the renowned Nongfu Spring brand of mineral water. It is also home to lush forestation (over 90%), and exotic islands, its more popular attractions include Bird Island, Snake Island, Monkey Island, Lock Island (featuring supposedly the world's biggest lock).
The 12th IEEE International Workshop on the Electromagnetic Compatibility of Integrated Circuits
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